Friday, 29 November 2013

Alfred Martin Bartley 1866-1929

Alfred Bartley, Steven Album, Bartley Archive

Alfred was the third child of Edward BARTLEY and Elizabeth HANNKEN. He was born at Union St Auckland 24 January 1866[1] and his early schooling was at Devonport School. He and Frederick were close companions. Alf was an exceptional musician, with a particular strength in keyboard performance, although he also played string instruments with great facility.
He often appeared at the City Hall as accompanist to visiting musicians. His work with the child prodigy Celia DAMPIER was particularly admired.

Observer 25 July 1891 p 14

In the  1880s Fred, Alf and Bertha Bartley performed regularly as a musical trio. Sport, music and social activity characterised the flourishing Devonport community at this time, just as it does today. One such example is the vibrant culture of the tennis club.  The names mentioned in these newspaper extracts include Alfred's relatives: Queree, Philcox, Mouzer and Mason for example. 
Alf also served as secretary of this Club in the 1890's. 

Observer 30 April 1887

Observer 6 July 1895

Apart from his personal performances Alf was involved with numerous musical groups as accompanist, trainer or organiser - including the Waitemata Minstrels and the Savage Club. His father Edward was a founder of the Orpheus Club and Alf joined him in that group, first as a singer and later as choir master.

Cover page of the Photograph Album presented by the Waitemata Minstrels, Steven Family Collection 

Alf appears in the centre, in civvies. This photo is unidentified and undated. Any information identifying the subject band would be highly appreciated.

Auckland Star 14 July 1922 Jazz age music after the war
Alfred served with the local Borough Council after the war years. He was also a force behind the resurgence of croquet in Devonport in the 1920s:

 Alf was not so happy in his working life. His natural inclination was to a musical career, but the economic reality dictated otherwise. He trained as a draughtsman and worked with various firms in Auckland until the depression of the 1890s when he was out of work.[2] His father gave him what work he could, but both he and Alf were aware that there was insufficient new building to support another a full wage from the architectural practice.

The engagement between Alfred and Miss Essie GRATTAN was announced in July 1890, with those of his brother and sister.[3] Essie was the only daughter of Richard Grattan, and once diagnosed with Bright’s disease, shortly after her engagement, her health deteriorated rapidly. 
Fred and Alfred both had their career prospects  curtailed by depression, an experience shared by many of their generation.
The brothers went to Australia, planning to join the mineral boom in Queensland, but Alfred returned home to New Zealand within a few months. 
Neither of the brothers had found immediate employment overseas and Essie's illness now became obvious and critical. He returned to Devonport.

The Archive holds on file an undated letter from Alfred’s mother Elizabeth. She is writing to Fred in Australia, sharing family news. In it she remarks on Alfred’s situation:
 I think Alf has given up all ideas of getting married. Essie is still very poorly and 4 Doctors tell the same tale that she can't live long although she is usually bright. Sometimes she doesnt know she is bad and talks to Alf about getting married. It is something awful for both. The Doctor thinks if she knew she would give up altogether so they dare not tell her.

Essie died 10 April 1894.[4]
Auckland Star 11 April 1894

Once Fred died, in June 1899, in Australia there seems to have been a change. From this time onwards Alfred appeared to be groomed to take over his father’s practice, eventually being made a partner in Bartley & sons, Architects.
 Alfred, however, never shared his father’s passion for architecture and after Edward died Alf left the partnership to their young partner Keith Draffin.

At the New Plymouth in February 1906 Alfred married Marianne Houghton Warren. She was born in Wagga Wagga, Australia 17 Feb 1883. She attended school in Hawera before coming to Auckland to train in nursing at the Mater Hospital in Epsom. [5]

Employment took a new turn, as the twentieth century began. Alfred began a new career as a land agent with Cowpermore-Jones.  He also worked with Hancock and Co around the time of the lifting of Prohibition. Hotels, previously run as boarding houses were undergoing conversion back to licensed premises. He travelled widely supervising alterations to his plans.[6]

Alfred died in Pentlands Hospital, Devonport on 1 May 1926. He is interred at O’Neill’s Point Cemetery.[7]

[1] Daily Southern Cross 28 February 1866 page 7
[2] Electoral Roll 1883 Eden. Resident Devonport Draughtsman. 1889 witness at wedding of cousin Ernest Queree, occupation draughtsman. Cert on file.
[3] Observer 26 July 1890
[4] NZRBDM 1894/2585
[5] Steven Family research
[6] Steven family research
[7] Probate 323/29. Burial May 1929 Cemetery Records O’Neill’s Point

Saturday, 9 November 2013

Frederick Adolphus Bartley

An informal family photo of Fred Bartley abt 1893

Frederick was the second child of Edward Bartley and Elizabeth Hannken. He was born 16 February 1862 at Union St in Auckland

When he was aged about 8 the family moved to Devonport, where Frederick attended the local public school. Later he worked with his father, becoming a draughtsman. Frederick shared his father’s interests in science, music and the arts. 

two images taken by Fred on one of his last outings with the Photographic Club, abt 1892, site unknown

With his Hannken cousins and brother Alf, Fred formed a string band which was very popular for functions and musical evenings in Devonport. The whole family were active members in the Devonport Musical Society as well as participating in musical events further afield.

Observer 30 April 1887 Fundraising concert for Devonport Tennis Club featuring Fred and Alf Bartley
Waitemata Minstrels - the Bartley/Hannken Band Observer 9 May 1885

On 26 November 1890 Frederick married Janet Shearer. The ceremony took place at the Shearer home in St Georges Bay Rd, Parnell. Janet was born in Edinburgh and christened there on 5 April 1861. She had an elder sister Alison. Her father John was a joiner by trade and he was born at Keith in Banffshire. He had married Janet Johnston of Haddington at Tranent in 1856. The family had come to Auckland about 1862.
Observer 26 July 1890. The engagement notice of three Bartley siblings

Three years after their marriage Janet died of heart disease on 2 February 1893. It was a very difficult time for Frederick. Along with this personal tragedy financial conditions were very tight in Auckland at this time and he could find little employment with his father.

 Later in 1893 he left Auckland for Australia. This decision was made in a climate of excitement generated in the press concerning the potential of the Queensland gold fields. Many single men had already left New Zealand during the previous two years, spurred on by success stories such as these reports from across the Tasman:
Thames Star 17 April 1890
Thames Star 14 December 1892

Alf had made the trip to Sydney with him but decided to return home. Fred went on traveling towards the Queensland gold fields. 
From his letters home it is clear that he had a good deal of trouble finding work there. He kept himself in funds by playing his violin when there was no other employment.

 While he was staying at Croyden he met Katherine Bergin. She worked for Mr & Mrs Morgan there. For some reason Kate used the pseudonym Mirrigan on her marriage certificate. She may have gone under this name with the Morgan’s as well. They were married by the Anglican vicar at the Morgan home on 5 July 1896.

Soon after this Frederick went further north to Thornborough where he knew there would be work. From there it was his intention to send money back to Kate so that she could join him there. While he was away their son George was born on 19 February 1897 at Harp of Erin, Croydon, probably at the Morgan home where Kate was still living. Two years later Fred was killed in an explosion at the General Grant Mine in Thornborough on 26 June 1899.

George and Kate came to New Zealand and lived at Devonport.

An informal family photo of George Frederick Bartley at his grandfather's house in Devonport

Tuesday, 5 November 2013

Arthur Edward Bartley and Polly Holmes

Arthur Edward BARTLEY image donated by Steven Family
Today we begin a series of posts concerning the first New Zealand born generation of Edward's descendants. Our thanks to those researchers from Arthur's line who have donated materials and information during the last few years. We look forward to adding more background on this branch as it becomes available, particularly any verified images of family members which may be shared publicly with others.

Arthur was the eldest child of Edward BARTLEY and Elizabeth HANNKEN. He was born 26 November 1859 at Union St, Auckland and died in 1940 at Whakatane.

Arthur Edward Bartley was born on 26th November 1859[i].

Birth Registry entry copy Arthur Edward Bartley

 On 5 April 1882 he married Polly HOLMES at the Arch Hill Hotel, which was owned by her father. At that time he was a carpenter with property to the value of £275 in the colony.[ii]  E. J. ELKIN of Brown St Ponsonby was the matron of honour and Frederick Bartley was the best man at their wedding.
Observer Extract 25 March 1882 p22 announcing Arthur's engagement

Polly was christened Mary Elizabeth in 1861 in Auckland, the child of John Holmes and Elizabeth CHARLTON. Her parents had been married at Newcastle on 6 April 1850. Polly’s father was born in 1822 at Newcastle and had worked originally as a shipwright there. Her mother was born in 1828 at Newburn, Northumberland.[iii]

Polly had several brothers and sisters. We know of Joseph (born December 1850) and John (b1852) who were born in Durham. Frank was the next eldest, being born on 13 May 1854 in Auckland. Their brother William was born in 1857 – he later married Annie Curtis at Thames, in 1884. Polly may also have had a sister.

 Arthur Edward BARTLEY and Mary Elizabeth HOLMES had four children that we know of:
Eva Elizabeth; John Edward (married Irene CHRISTIAN); Arthur Frederick (Married Elsie OSBALDISTON, sister of Eva’s second husband); Bertha (Married Mick BEASLEY).

On 5 August 1882 Arthur and Polly had a daughter Eva Elizabeth at their home in Devonport.[iv] Eva was enrolled at Devonport School on 4 February 1889. Between 1889 and 1901 Arthur and Polly moved to a farm property at Parakakau, near Silverdale. They were living there when Eva married Frederick Charles Lees on 10 April 1901 at the Holy Trinity Church in Wade.[v] Frederick’s brother Thomas was a witness at the marriage, at that time the brothers were in partnership as store owners. Later Thomas went into partnership with Henry Johnston as licensee of the Masonic Hotel in Opotoki. That arrangement was dissolved on the 19 February 1912.

Polly registered the birth of her grandson Albert Edward Bartley on 15 May 1902 at Devonport. She and Eva may have stayed at Victoria Rd for the last part of Eva’s confinement. Eva and Frederick Lees were not well suited and they separated while their son was still young.They divorced in 1910.  Fred Lees died at Orakei in February 1917.[vi]Albert Edward Bartley LEES lived at the home of his Grandparents and used the name Albert BARTLEY, which he formalised by deed poll. His mother Eva Elizabeth Bartley also resided with them until her second marriage, as far as we know at this stage.  
In 1915 Eva married Ralph Osbaldiston from Kaukapakapa.
Ralph’s grandparents were from Cheshire and had emigrated in the late 1850’s. Ralph’s father was born at Rangitopuni and the family were numerous and well known settlers in the Kaukapakapa district. Eva and Ralph’s family included Arthur, Betty, Lois and Ralph Ellis.
The following two extracts describe social events typical of the period. There are close community and family links between the families mentioned:

Observer 2 January 1889 page 10

Observer 8 February 1890 p16

The marriage of Mabel Osbaldiston, sister to Ralph in 1922 extract from Auckland Star 3 May 1922

Arthur and Polly’s second child was a son, christened John Edward Bartley. He was known as Ted and was born 6 June 1885 at Devonport. Ted married Ruby FISCHER in 1912, but they divorced in 1916. 
Auckland Star 1920

Ted’s second marriage was to Julia Frances Irene CHRISTIAN, who was known as Rene. She was born at Norfolk Island, one of nine children who were descendants of Fletcher Christian. Ted and Rene were married at Devonport 5 April 1921. They had two children – Roy and Faye.

The third child of the family was Arthur Frederick Bartley. He was known as Fred and born at Devonport in 1886. Fred married Elsie OSBALDISTON, a sister of Eva’s husband Ralph.

Bertha Bartley was next in the family. She was born in 1887 and married Mick BEASLEY.
Albert Edward Bartley, the youngest was born in 1910. He married Dollena and had two children – Beverley and Ross. Albert died in Wellington in 1976

Arthur and Polly were both musicians and active in their farming community. These reported social events give some of the flavour of their family life.

Observer 2 September 1898 p 22 

[i] NZ Registrar Folio 1859/4480
[ii] NZ Register Folio 1882/846; Electoral Roll 1882
[iii] 1851 Census England 2395 Fol 38 p 21
[iv] NZ Registrar Folio 1882/3115
[v] NZ Register Folio 1901/1696
[vi] Purewa Cemetery 051/038/051

Edward Bartley - The Formative Years

Family researchers and students often contact our archive looking for background information which gives context to the bald data of their source material.
Today I post an extract from our earlier publication Colonial Architect. The information presented here is relevant to both Robert and Edward Bartley researchers seeking to understand their ancestors immigration and settlement in New Zealand, and to those whose interest area relates to the development of early Auckland.
St Helier Harbour, Jersey,Channel Islands image from BFA Postcard collection

The environment and attitudes of Europe in the Victorian Age were to have a lasting effect on Edward Bartley. His formative years were spent in the Channel Islands in a close family environment. He was born in 1839 in the Channel Islands parish of St Helier, Jersey. The Islands were, and still are today, a dependency of the British Crown but not of the British parliament. Their peculiar independent status stemmed from an historical connection with the Duchy of Normandy. The local dialect of Jersiaise is a derivative of that Norman French.
Edward was one of a large family of twelve children. A strong sense of duty and service to community was instilled in all ten surviving children, as they were raised according to the strict Methodist principles of their parents. The Bartley children, like many of their fellow parishioners, were a typical mixture of English and native Channel Islands stock. Schooling and business were conducted in Jersiaise. They lived in a tight-knit local community but had family connections on the island of Guernsey, in England, Europe and in America.
The family home was in Union Court, St Helier- a short lane running off the North side of Union Street. Their home was designed and built by their father, one of several houses in the development of the Court. The Bartley children were well educated, according to the standards of the day. Edward received a solid grounding in drawing, drafting, music and calculation, in addition to the languages, classics and mathematics. He had also acquired a taste for the new science and technologies, which were developing swiftly at that time. In particular the advancements made in the development of the microscope, and in photography, continued to interest him all his life.
Edward was apprenticed to his father, a builder/ architect, at the age of 13. In this he followed his eldest brother, Robert, who was already qualified as a master builder. Two years later he left Jersey, having acquired some work experience and the saleable skills of building and carpentry.
The family’s decision for some members to leave the Islands followed an earlier pattern. An elder married sister, Eliza, left for Australia around 1850. Other cousins and in-laws had settled in America. The local economy was flat, with no further large public building projects being considered. Their father was of an age to retire. He had also contracted tuberculosis, a disease which had already claimed several family members. Emmigration was always a viable option, whether for physical or economic wellbeing. Even the longest sea journey was an attractive proposition with the right inducement.
Edward was fortunate to travel with his eldest brother Robert, a married man, with several children. There were a number of likely destinations available to the family, but the possibility of land grants to approved settlers may have tipped the balance in favour of New Zealand. The Provincial Government of Auckland was keen to attract immigrants and had begun advertising in the British Isles a scheme of free grants of land in the Province. The rate of entitlement for Cabin passengers was one half the sum outlayed in passage money. Robert and Esther bought passage for their family, Esther's sister and Edward, under this scheme. Leaving in June, from England, on board the Joseph Fletcher, the Bartley family arrived in Auckland in October 1854. They must have felt their decision a timely one. In March of that year conditions in Europe had deteriorated further, leading ultimately to the British declaration of war against Russia.
Auckland in 1854 was no sophisticated port settlement.  In the absence of a wharf, the ships anchored in midstream. Passengers and goods were transferred to lighters and run ashore on to the beach to disembark. In some weathers this could be a hazardous and nerve wracking end to a long sea journey, especially for parents of young children who had been penned up for several months.
Edward had worked primarily as an apprentice carpenter and joiner on Jersey. Robert had been employed on a number of large projects there, where the majority of new buildings were constructed from the plentiful local stone. However, the builders waiting at Auckland for the arrival of the Joseph Fletcher that October were keen to acquire skilled labour for a very different kind of construction. Here they were concerned with building entirely in wood, from the very foundations on up. Men with good training who could quickly adapt to colonial methods were desperately needed- men who were not above dressing their own timber in order to get the job done. It was hard physical work that was waiting and there was plenty of it.
Edward's sketch of the first Auckland Prison and Gallows illustrates the contrast in environment between St Helier and Auckland

Edward later recalled how strange the work seemed to him, used to the more delicate work of cabinetmaking. He and his brother were employed by the builder Mr A Black to construct a block of five two-storey shops at the corner of Queen and Victoria St East. There were no timber mills supplying dressed timber. At this time all the boards had to be planed and the tongue and groove worked by hand. The men worked a twelve hour day.
In 1855 when William Griffin, the Chartist activist, called the first public meeting of the Eight Hour Movement in Auckland Edward and a co-worker William Philcox were in attendance. They became instrumental in organising carpenters to be one of the first trades to take action in support of an eight hour day. Employers were given six months notice of their intention to work eight hours instead of twelve. This gentlemanly consideration was given to prevent the disruption of contracts already tendered for. The Chartist principles and the disturbances they occasioned in Britain had left a deep impression on the young Edward growing up in Jersey. Over the years he continued his association with the Eight Hour Movement, working on the committee and attending the annual soiree and the later picnics on Regatta Day.
By 1857 Edward was working with Mr Edmund Israel Matthews. Mr Matthews had come to New Zealand about 1848 with the Department of Royal Engineers. This former Clerk of Works had retired from service to conduct business on his own behalf as a contractor. His contacts and reliability ensured him the lion’s share of Government work. Edward was now 18 years of age. In that year work began on the Mt Eden Gaol, under the supervision of architect Mr Reader Wood.[i] Mr Matthews, with Edward under his wing, was one of the contractors involved in the construction.
Edward's later career owed a great deal to the guidance of Edmund Matthews. He introduced Edward to the superior methods and systems of the Royal Engineers. He also facilitated Edward's access to the latest developments in engineering and construction through his influential connections in provincial government and the military.
Two years later, in February 1859, Edward married Elizabeth Hannken. Elizabeth’s family had come to New Zealand in 1840, settling first in Coromandel before coming to Auckland. Both the Hannken’s and the Bartley’s worshipped at the High St Chapel and her grandmother was from a Jersey family. Edward and Elizabeth shared an interest in music and had both joined the new Auckland Choral Society. The young couple made their home in Union St, becoming owners of part of the original Hannken property there. [ii]
 In 1858 the Militia Act had divided the country into military districts and a system of ballot was introduced. Allowances were made, however, for men to substitute service in volunteer companies in satisfaction of their militia duties. A great number, including Edward, did so. He became a member of the Royal Rifle Company of Volunteers. Part of his employment in this year was work on the construction of the Whau blockhouse, situated in the area now called Blockhouse Bay. Colonel Mould, of the Royal Engineers, designed the building and was careful to acquire the most strategic site. Set above the harbour it was constructed to monitor and defend the traditional route from the Whau estuary to the Manukau. The payments to E. I. Matthews dated from 14 April 1860 until 9 June 1860.
By this time the population of Auckland had grown to approximately 8000 people.
Improvements had been made in the main commercial area of Shortland St and amenities provided where they coincided with the requirements of the government and the military. Elsewhere the streets were narrow, dusty in summer and a quagmire in the winter. Fire had destroyed much of the High St area in 1858, resulting in a shift towards development of Queen St. At that time Queen St was definitely not a prestigious location. It was divided by the tidal Horutu Creek, which ran down the middle of the street. Known locally as the Ligar Canal, this foetid waterway served as a sewer and a drain for adjacent properties, meeting the sea in a swampy area at the beach. The creek was mostly boarded over with planks by the 1860s, but still a hazard to health and personal safety.
As early as February 1854 there had been petitions and complaints registered against the continued use of wooden construction in the town.[iii] Fire was an ever- present threat and Auckland was without adequate water or facilities to fight back. Most Auckland streets contained rows of small wooden dwellings packed close together alongside workshops, mills, smithies and commercial premises. Apart from the fire risk there were serious public health issues to contend with as the population increased. Sanitation services were rudimentary and infant mortality was high.
In the absence of any cohesive town planning, construction went on in wood, much as before, with gradual expansion of businesses into previously undeveloped sites.
One of these new commercial buildings was the Auckland Savings Bank. The project had already experienced a good deal of delay and dissension before Mr Matthews won the contract for construction with a deadline of March 1862. The architect was, by then, Mr Reader Wood. In May a boundary dispute arose which stopped work and required the intervention of the Surveyor Mr Charles Heaphy. The Daily Southern Cross reported in August that the work on completing the building had been done in a creditable manner:[iv] This despite some debate on the standard of workmanship and the delay in it’s completion. Nevertheless the Bank Trustees deducted from their final payment to Mr Matthews a sum equivalent to the three months’ rent the bank had had to pay for its’ temporary accommodation. This experience may well have coloured Edward’s views on the relative bargaining positions of the contractor, the architect and the client. At this time there were no standard terms and conditions in building contracts. Much was assumed to be understood between the parties who worked together regularly in such a close environment. A specific out-clause for liability for time and cost over-runs was obviously not part of Mr Matthew’s protection in this case.
By 1862 Edward was a foreman, engaged with Mr Matthews in demolishing the original St Paul’s Anglican Church in Emily Place. The front gable and tower were left intact and the Church was replaced by a new design by Colonel Mould.[v] Edward particularly admired the design and construction of the roof principles. The building was, he felt, an example of true Gothic Architecture. [vi]   
Building work continued in Auckland while the atmosphere in the town became increasingly tense. The Waikato was only 40 miles away. Many settlers were sending their families into Auckland for their safety. The Volunteers were attending regular training and assisted in manning the Domain Blockhouse against surprise attack.
When the war broke out in July 1863 Orderly-Sergeant Edward Bartley of the No. 5 Militia was ordered to the Front. His active service was short lived. Eleven tradesmen were required to return to complete the Fort Britomart stores, as capacity was fast being outstripped by demand. Edward returned to town and set to work.
In 1865 Mr Matthews and Edward entered into a partnership. Edward was 26 years old and the father of three young children. He may have been able to bring some capital into the business by this stage, but the economic climate was not favourable to the building industry at this time. The military and immigration-led strength in the local economy was waning, making it a difficult time for any financial commitment. The capital city had been removed from Auckland in February, with the attendant loss of personnel and Government contracts. The gold fields of the South continued to pull people away to those areas of the country with more promise of wealth and few native concerns. The removal of the bulk of British troops was now clearly inevitable, no matter how much decried by the Auckland businessmen and speculators. Their partnership, however, seemed fortunate in securing regular engagements.
Matthew & Bartley, Builders traded from the Matthews Seering Hall in Grey Street, with further premises on Elliot Street.[vii] In later years Edward recalled working on the Wesleyan Church in Pitt St. It was completed and opened in October 1866. An inspection of the trust accounts for the Pitt St Church revealed no payments to Matthews & Bartley. It is likely, therefore, that they were sub-contractors to H White, the head contractor on the project, who managed the construction for the architect Mr Herepath. The foundation work for this building was huge and expensive but the building was finished on time, in less than twelve months.
Wesleyan Church, Pitt St, Auckland

The Supreme Court building was another early contract. This building had been started in 1863. The original builders were Amos & Taylor, working to the design of the architect Edward Rumsey. The building had been much criticised in the press, not only for the design but for the interior arrangements as well.[viii]  The services of Amos & Taylor had been dispensed with midway through the construction with acrimony on all sides. Edward later recalled the first payment from this contract came on April 27 1867 and the last in January 1868. This indicates that Matthews & Bartley were involved in the later stages of construction, probably as sub-contractors, from about March of 1867. The building continued to receive unfavourable press in the years to follow.[ix]

Supreme Court, now High Court Auckland

It was about this time that Edward met Anton Teutenberg, a trained engraver who had arrived in Auckland in July 1866 on the Rob Roy with his sisters and his nephew. Teutenberg's brother was already in New Zealand and well known in the Auckland Prussian community. On the voyage out Anton had passed the time with some carving and decorative work for the captain of the ship. Some of these examples of his craftsmanship were shown to the architect Mr Rumsey. This led to his being asked to provide a sample of work in stone  which was accepted, bringing him a commission to work on the heads and gargoyles for the Supreme Court.
Decorative carving detail, Supreme Court Auckland

Edward evidently admired the talents of this young man, maintaining a close business association with him for many years. After Anton opened his own engraving business in Auckland, in 1867, he continued to provide carving for Edward’s buildings. The best known of his later work was the elaborate pulpit and window decorations for St John’s Methodist Church Ponsonby.
February 1870 saw Edward moving to a greater degree of independence with the lease of offices in Albert St, on his own behalf. It was at about this time that he began to apply for purely architectural work in addition to tendering for available building contracts. About June 1872 he moved his growing family to a new home at The Strand, North Shore[x], later building his own home in Victoria Road, Devonport.

[i] Reader Wood trained in Leicester with William Flint, architect and surveyor. He arrived in Auckland in 1844. After serving in the North with the Volunteer Militia he served as Inspector of Roads and Deputy Surveyor General until 1856 when he turned to private practice as an architect and a career in politics as Member for Parnell.
[ii] Allottment 22, section 42, part of. Edward was still resident there in 1871. Refer Auckland Provincial Government Gazette Electoral Roll for West Ward #3 1863
[iii] Refer The New Zealander 11 February 1854
[iv] The Daily Southern Cross August 1862
[v] Colonel Mould was a man of many talents. Active in the Taranaki, he returned to Auckland and set       about organising recruitment, as well as supervising the provision of more satisfactory roads, which were so essential for improving troop movement to the Waikato
[vi] Reminiscences of Edward Bartley. Unpublished Manuscript. Bartley Family Archive
[vii] Auckland Directory 1866-67
[viii] New Zealand Herald 10 May 1865
[ix] New Zealand Herald 11 April 1871
[x] now Queen's Parade, Devonport

Friday, 11 October 2013

Devonport, North Shore Auckland

The BARTLEY families in New Zealand all have a strong connection to Devonport, North Shore, Auckland. Edward BARTLEY settled there in 1872. He moved his growing family first to a rented house on the Strand, later building his own home in Victoria Road.

Edward participated energetically in local affairs, serving first on the Flagstaff District Highway Board and, with his friend William PHILCOX on the later Devonport Roads Board. Politics was a serious matter in Devonport in the early years. It was not unknown for animosity between factions to be expressed in both physical and verbal assaults, as the parties held to their firm opinions on the future development of the district. Progressing from the Roads Board to the inaugural Devonport Borough Council, Edward somehow managed to steer a path between opposing parties, exercising diplomacy as he went.

Professionally Edward's contribution to the built environment of his home suburb was considerable. His active involvement in the arts, photography,technical education and music involved his whole family and the Devonport community as a whole.

Foreshore with Mt Cambria behind approx mid 1870s

Boat building on the foreshore approx mid 1870's

Devonport about 1880 taken from a position above the Calliope Rd intersection

In 1880 a fund was started to cover the costs of a larger church of Holy Trinity at Devonport. Fundraising was very much a community affair involving any number of entertainments and fetes. The eldest Bartley children were now young adults and willing musical performers. With their Hannken cousins, Edward's eldest sons formed a popular string orchestra which was much in demand.
Cover of programme Fund Raising Concert September 1880

Programme inner, pages 2 and 3 September 1880

May 1880 Swainson contract
Henry PITTS was a well known builder in Devonport. He worked with Edward on the Holy Trinity Church. Here he lists specifications for amendments to the standard contract to erect a small villa for Mr SWAINSON.

Devonport had the greatest concentration of Bartley designed family homes in Auckland, with the possible exception of Surrey Hills subdivision. Some of these are his simple "copy book" cottages and small villas for working people. These were constructed in multiples during the boom years of the 1880s.
"copy book" workers cottage in Devonport
The most basic were kauri construction with two or four rooms under a hipped roof. The simplicity was often relieved by features such as decorative mouldings at the top of verandah posts. 
In the next price bracket came the single storey villa, of timber usually but also produced in concrete and brick. The interior was dissected by a passageway from front door to back. Two rooms either side of the passage provided the basic living and sleeping quarters. These homes were easily extended with the addition of a lean-to at the back as the need arose. Some sported a filigree valance on the front verandah, with decorative eaves brackets which were picked out in a light colour to enhance the shadow pattern effect.
By the 1880s the bay villa was the last word in modern housing. The basic villa was now modified by the addition of a projection forward- a bay- in one or both of the front rooms. The verandah now protected a smaller porch and the decorative potential of the street frontage was considerably enhanced by the opportunity to include decorative fretwork, bargeboards, finials, brackets and more. This elaborate ornamentation was increasinly emphasised by dark colour such as maroon or green against a lighter weatherboard colour. The verandah roof was often fashionably finished in multi-coloured stripes to match.
At the other end of the market Edward was designing large residence for professionals and the well to do, such a Judge MacDonald's home at Devonport in 1883. The Bartley home was built in 1879 on a lower storey of concrete construction and upper storey of kauri. It was sparsely decorated, as compared to the prevailing fashion, with the enclosing verandah offering the only ornamental feature on the Victoria Road frontage. On the seaward side a single bay extended two storeys, with the verandah returning to allow the best of the views from the elevated site.

Bartley Home corner Calliope and Victoria Road. Image 1879

Premises of R & R Duder corner Church St & King Edward Parade Devonport

The Duder brothers were long term associates of Edward Bartley. They shared a common interest, amongst others, in developing concrete technology in Auckland. The first concrete lighthouse was completed at La Corbiere, Jersey in the Channel Islands in 1873. Local pioneer lime cement was produced at Mahurangi by Wilson and Co. Edward had used their product to erect three concrete villas by 1880. Wilson's agents on the North Shore were the Duder brothers.

Some public projects for which Edward Bartley was commissioned as architect were never constructed, for various reasons.

Edward Bartley's 1902 design for Devonport Borough Council incorporating Post & Telegraph Offices, library and council offices is one such case. 
At a special meeting of council in September 1902 Mayor Ewen ALISON and councillors signed and approved the design shown here. It provided for two storey brick council chambers, incorporating post office, telephone exchange and public library in a T shaped plan.
The building plans were then sent to Wellington with the condition and terms of leasing the reserve vested in the Council for the erection of public builidngs. The Council needed to move quickly to have the Government determine the rent before the final parliamentary session in October. The postal authorities also had some say in the final design of their facilities.
By July 1903 Ewen Alison was in Wellington visiting the Postmaster General and looking for a final decision. There was also local and regional opposition to the principal of a Borough Council seizing a recreational reserve for building purposes.
The plans for the civic centre were never realised, nor was the Post Office successful in its alternative plan of acquiring part of the reserve for its own use. When funding finally came for new postal facilities in Devonport it was for comparatively moderate premises in Victoria Road.

1902 Devonport Council Buildings with Post and Telegraph Office

In 1913 a Stanley bay resident Mr A Lloyd brought his proposal for swimming baths before the Devonport Borough Council. The complex he proposed was designed by Edward Bartley. He offered to personally subscribe one third of the cost and suggested a public share issue to raise the balance. A site near the Esplanade was most favoured. 
The idea was scuttled by the old issues of cost and site. There was no position available on the foreshore which would not interfere with the established uses of commercial and leisure craft.

Proposed Devonport Baths 1913
Interior plan of Devonport Baths proposal
The original plan for both men's and womens baths of equal size has been amended to a larger pool for men, leaving the architect with that difficult space "for Future Expansion". This reworking more accurately reflected the sensibilities of the majority of adults of the time. Sixteen private bathing cubicles were provided for each gender for those uncomfortable with communal bathing. Lloyd had visions of completing the complex in time for the Auckland Exhibition opening in December 1913.